About Varieties/Germplasm  

  

 

 varieties

                        Germplasm

1.Varieties

As a result of systematic research efforts to develop improved germplasm of arid vegetables, the Institute has released following varieties

 

The Institute has released 16 varieties of arid fruits and vegetable crops. The details are as under:

 

S.No.

Crop

Variety released

Characteristics

1.

Ber

Goma Kirti

Goma Kirti is highly yielding early maturing variety, which fetches good price in the market. It is resistant to various diseases and pests by virtue of its earliness.

 

 

 

2.

Ber

Thar Sevika

Developed by the hybridization from a cross Seb x Katha, Thar Sevika is an early maturing variety. The fruits are juicy, sweet with a TSS content of 22-24%. Fruits after consumption do not cause throat soaring, which is common in other cultivars. Average fruit yield is 30-32 Kg/tree. The hybrid is also suitable for staggered picking which can be done up to third week of January.

 

 

 

3.

Ber

Thar Bhubhraj

A selection from local material of Bhusavar area of Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, CIAH-Sel-1 is an early maturing cultivar having an average yield potential of 30-36 kg/tree. The fruits are ready for harvesting during last week of December-First week of January.  The fruits are very juicy, sweet with a TSS content of 22-23%.

 

 

 

4.

Aonla

Goma Aishwariya

A selection from plus tree, Goma Aishwariya is an early, drought tolerant. The average yield potential is 102.9 kg/tree. It has low fiber content and is suitable for processing and export. 

 

 

 

 

5.

Mateera

AHW-19 

Medium-early maturing variety, produces 3.0-3.5 fruits per vine, flesh dark pink, solid (firm) with good eating quality and taste having 8.0 to 8.4% TSS.  High yielder (460-500 q/ha) and tolerates high temperature.

 

 

 

 

6.

Mateera

AHW-65 

Very early maturing variety, produces 3-4 mature fruits per vine and gives yield of 375-400 q/ha. The flesh is delicious, pink, solid (firm) having 8.0-8.5 per cent TSS.

 

 

 

7.

Mateera

Thar Manak

For fruit quality improvement in drought hardy mateera (watermelon), intensive breeding work was taken at CIAH, Bikaner, and resulting to this a new high yielding and better quality variety named as Thar Manak has been released in 2007 for the cultivation in arid region.  It is very early for first marketable harvesting (75-80 DAS). The yield potential is 50-80 tones/ha under arid conditions.

 

 

 

8.

Bottle gourd

Thar Samridhi

It is exhibited high yield potential (3.82 5.82 kg/plant) under hot arid environment. Fruits weighing 450 700 g are ready for first harvesting after 50 to 55 days from sowing. The fruit yield potential is 240-300 q/ha.

 

 

 

9

Khejri

Thar Shobha

In khejri (Prosopis cineraria), the first high yielding and better quality variety Thar Shobha has been recommended for uniform tender pod harvesting for vegetable use. A five year grafted khejri plant yields a harvest of about 4.25 kg tender pods (sangri) and 6027 kg fodder (loong) per year.

 

 

 

 

10

Kachri

AHK-119

Fruits are small, egg shaped weighing 50-60 g.  Fruits are ready for picking in 68-70 days after sowing, 22 fruits per vine, and yields of 95-100 q/ha.

 

 

 

 

11.

Kachri

AHK-200

The fruits are 100-120 g in weight, become ready for harvest in 65-67 days after sowing, bears about 20 fruits per vine, yield of 115-120 q/ha.

 

 

 

12.

Snap melon

AHS- 10

Fruits can be harvested 68 days after sowing, fruits are oblong and medium in size (900 g), flesh whitish pink, sweet in taste having 4.5-5.0 per cent TSS. Bears 4.0-4.5 fruits vine each giving an yield of 225-230 q/ha under arid conditions.

 

 

 

 

13.

Snap melon

AHS- 82

Fruit harvest starts 67-70 days after sowing, each vine bears 4.5-5.0 fruits giving an yield of 245-250 q/ha. The flesh is light pink,  sweet having 4.3-4.9 per cent TSS.

 

 

 

14

Kakdi

AHC- 2

It is a very early maturing variety bearing uniform, long fruits.  Fruits have light green skin without furrows. Fruit weighs 275-300 g, suitable for slicing. The crop yields 175-202 q/ha under arid situations.

 

 

 

15

Kakdi

AHC- 13

It is a very early and highly productive variety with profuse hermaphrodite flowers. On an average 2.15 kg tender fruits can be harvested per vine giving an yield of 85-125 q/ha. The variety also has high heat tolerance.

 

 

 

16.

Cluster bean

Goma Manjiri

Plants are erect, single stemmed, non-branching, bearing from base in cluster upto 35 with 8 to 10 pods per cluster, yielding 88 to 103 q/ ha, photo insensitive, , crop period 75 to 80 days, tolerant to drought.

 

 

 

 

 

2. Germplasm

  • The institute has made rich collection of germplasm of arid fruits and vegetables. The details are as under:  

Fruit Crops

Vegetable Crops

Name

Scientificc name

Access. No.

Name

Scientificc name

Access. No.

Ber

(Ziziphus mauritiana)

318

Kachri

Cucumis melo var. callosus

75

Bordi

(Z. rotundifolia)

22

Mateera

Citrullus lanatus

65

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

150

Snap melon

Cucumis melo var. momordica

65

Aonla

Emblica officinalis

50

Chilli

Capsicum spp.

45

Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera

55

Musk melon

Cucumis melo

60

Gonda

Cordia myxa

65

Gourds

Beans

Brinjal

 

 

Solanum melonganum

45

40

30

Bael

Aegle marmelos

16

Khejri

Prosopus cineraria

 

Cactus pear

Opuntia ficus indica

80

Indian aloe

Aloe barbedensis

02

 

 

 

 

                                                 

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